FRENCH LOANWORDS IN ENGLISH

FRENCH LOANWORDS IN ENGLISH

French LOANWORDS in English, Foreign Root Words in English, loanwords, French words in English, English is easy with RB, Rajdeep Banerjee, RB,
After the Norman Conquest in 1066, many French words were included in the English vocabulary. Why did it happen? Well, I am not going to talk about history here. For the time being, just look at it as the linguistic domination of the ruling community. In a way, it enriched the English language. The objective of this write-up is to provide you with a list of those words. 


1. Political Words: government, administration, crown, state, sovereign, minister, chancellor, exchequer, parliament, council, counsel, authority, reign, realm, power, people, nation etc. 


2. Words related to Feudalism: fief, feudal, vassal, liege, prince, peer, duke, duchess, marquis, viscount, count, countess, baron etc. 



3. Words related to Court and Court-life: court, courteous, noble, fine, refined, honour, glory, heraldry etc. 




4. Military words:  war, peace, battle, arms, armour, buckler, lance, mail, dart, banner, ensign, assault, siege, officer, chieftain, captain, colonel, lieutenant, sergeant, soldier, troops, dragoon, navy, admiral, challenge, enemy, espy, company, guard, challenge, danger, escape etc. 


5. Judicial and Legal terms: justice, just, judge, jury, court, sue, suit, plaintiff, defendant, attorney, plea, plead, summon, assize, session, fee, felony, crime, heritage, property, real estate, tenure, penalty, injury, attorney-general, marry, marriage, heir, false, petty, puny etc. 


6. Ecclesiastical words: religion, Trinity, service, saviour, saint, relic, abbey, cloister, friar, clergy, baptism, sacrifice, altar, miracle, preach, pray, prayer, sermon, psalm, blame, lesson, rule, order, tempt, save etc. 


7. Ethical words: virtue, vice, duty, conscience, grace, charity, chaste, covet, lechery, mercy, jealous, discipline etc. 





8. Words related to Social Relationship: Sir, Madam, master, mistress, servant, rich, poor, riches, poverty, money, interest, cash, rent, command, obey etc. 



9. Words related to Family Relationships: uncle, aunt, niece, cousin, sire, dame, grandfather, grandmother etc. 



10. Words related to Food: beef, mutton, pork, bacon, brawn, venison, veal, sauce, fry, roast, toast, pastry, soup, sausage, jelly, dinner, supper, feast etc. 



11. Words related to Sports and Pastimes: sports, chase, partner, trump, suit, dice, cards, ace, deuce, joy, pleasure, delight, ease, comfort etc. 



12. Words related to Dress and Fashion: apparel dress, costume, garment, fashion, luxury, adorn etc. 



13. Words related to Art and Architecture: art, beauty, colour, ornament, image, design, figure, column, arch, porch, vault, tower, palace, castle etc. 



14. Words related to Furniture: furniture, table, chair etc. 





15. Words related to Artisans: painter, carpenter, butcher, tailor etc. 




16. Exclamatory Words: alas, adieu etc. 







17. Everyday words: air, age, arrive, beast, change, cheer, cover, cry, feeble, large, letter, manner, matter, nurse, nourish, place, price, point, turn, use etc. 




French LOANWORDS in English, foreign words in English, loanwords in English, English is easy with RB, RAJDEEP BANERJEE, RB

18. French Words + English Endings
A.  (-ness)  closeness, faintness, secretness, simpleness, sweetness
B.  (-ly)        courtly, princely
C.  (-ful)       artful, beautiful, dutiful
D.  (-less)     artless, colourless
E.  (-ship)     companionship
F.  (-dom)     dukedom, martyrdom
G. (-able)     agreeable, serviceable, peaceable, shrinkable

19. English Words + French Endings
A.  (-ess)      shepherdess, goddess, prophetess
B.  (-ment)   enlightenment, endearment
C.  (-age)      mileage, shrinkage, leakage, shortage
D.  (-ance)     hindrance, forbearance
E.  (-ous)       murderous, thunderous, slumberous
F.  (-ry)           fishery, bakery, gossipry
G. (-ty)           oddity, womanity
H. (-fy)           fishify, speechify
I.  (-ation)      signification, uglification

20. English Prefix + French Word:

un + pleasant = unpleasant
in  + justice     = injustice
un + just          = unjust

21. French Prefix + English Word:

dis + believe   = disbelieve
re   + birth       = rebirth


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