Friday 9 June 2023





A. It's important to note that causal determinism does not necessarily imply that human beings lack free will.

B. According to this view, if we have complete knowledge of the present state of the universe and the laws governing it, we could in principle predict with certainty all future events.

C. Causal determinism assumes a cause-and-effect relationship between events, where every event has a specific cause or set of causes that determine its occurrence.

D. Causal determinism is a philosophical concept that suggests that every event or phenomenon in the universe is caused by preceding events or conditions and, given those causes, could not have occurred any other way.


A. The Butterfly Effect is a concept in chaos theory that suggests that small, seemingly insignificant actions or events can have far-reaching and unpredictable consequences.

B. It is often illustrated by the metaphor of a butterfly flapping its wings in one part of the world, leading to a chain of events that ultimately results in a hurricane occurring in another part of the world.

C. The term, "Butterfly Effect", was coined by the mathematician and meteorologist Edward Lorenz, who used it to describe the sensitivity of weather systems to initial conditions.

D. According to the theory, even the tiniest perturbation, such as the flap of a butterfly's wings, can cause a chain reaction of events that amplifies and cascades over time, leading to large-scale effects.


A. She gave him a magical thread, which he unraveled as he ventured deeper into the maze, allowing him to retrace his steps and find his way back out.

B. In Greek mythology, Ariadne's Thread played a pivotal role in the story of Theseus and the Minotaur.

C. With Ariadne's help, Theseus successfully defeated the Minotaur and escaped the labyrinth, but tragically abandoned her on the island of Naxos, causing her immense heartbreak.

D. Ariadne, daughter of King Minos, fell in love with Theseus and offered him a way to navigate the treacherous labyrinth that housed the Minotaur.


A. It portrays the universe as a mechanical system governed by precise and predictable laws of nature.

B. According to this view, everything in the universe, including celestial bodies and human behavior, can be understood and explained through the principles of mathematics and physics.

C. The Clockwork Universe suggests that there is a deterministic order to the cosmos, where cause and effect operate with unwavering precision, much like the intricate workings of a mechanical clock.

D. The Clockwork Universe is a philosophical concept that emerged during the Scientific Revolution in the 17th century.


A. While the existence and practicality of wormholes remain purely speculative, they have captured the imagination of scientists and science fiction enthusiasts alike as a potential means of interstellar travel or communication.

B. The concept arises from the mathematics of general relativity and suggests the possibility of traversing vast cosmic distances in a significantly shorter time.

C. It is a hypothetical structure that connects two distant points in the universe, creating a shortcut or a bridge between them.

D. The Einstein-Rosen bridge, also known as a wormhole, is a theoretical shortcut in spacetime.

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